Thursday, November 14, 2013

Define Type 2 Diabetes, Causes and Symptoms

We have mentioned before in a previous article which are answering the question: What are diabetes? that the type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes mellitus.

Defining Type 2 Diabetes:

This shows us that type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease, in other words, we can definetype 2 diabetes as a lifelong disease. This type makes the sugar or glucose in your blood in high levels.

This type called also adult onset diabetes because it mostly develops after the age of 35 to 40, while you may have it even during childhood. you can define type 2 diabetes too as non-insulin dependent diabetes.

Today, about 23.6 million Americans and about 2.9 million of the UK people have diabetes, more than 90% of them with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is more common in people of middle eastern descent, African Caribbean and people of south Asian.

Define Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes.

Firstly, we need to pay your attention to that there are many people who have type 2 diabetes and have no symptoms at first and may don't have any symptoms even for years. Anyway, the early symptoms of diabetes may include:

1-    Increased urination.
2-    Increased thirst.
3-    Fatigue.
4-    Blurred vision.
5-    Numbness or pain in the hands or feet.
6-    Erectile dysfunction.
7-    Hunger.

Define Causes of Type 2 Diabetes:

Insulin is a hormone that produced in the pancreas which is behind the stomach by special cells that called beta cells. In normal people, the insulin moves blood glucose or sugar into cells to be stored and used later for producing the needed energy.

The problem here with the people who have type 2 diabetes is that their liver, fat and muscles cells don't respond to insulin correctly or the normal way. And as a result of this case, blood sugar or glucose doesn't get into these cells in order to be stored for producing energy. This is called the insulin resistance. And because the glucose can't enter these cells, the sugar builds up in the blood a high level. This is called hyperglycemia.

Fatness and thinness are main causes of having type 2 diabetes, most people who have diabetes will all its types are overweight when they diagnosed. That’s because the increasing fat makes it more harder for the human body to use the insulin the correct way. And on the other hand, this type may also develop in the people who are thin, but this case is common in aged or elderly.

There are many other causes that can increase your opportunities of having diabetes like excess body weight around the waist, poor diet, low activity level and family genes and history. These all reasons can play a big role of having type 2 diabetes.